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ⓘ Justiniani I au Justiniani Mkuu alikuwa kaisari wa Dola la Bizanti kuanzia mwaka wa 527 hadi kifo chake. Justiniani alijitahidi kurudisha Dola la Roma katika fa ..




Justiniani I
                                     

ⓘ Justiniani I

Justiniani I au Justiniani Mkuu alikuwa kaisari wa Dola la Bizanti kuanzia mwaka wa 527 hadi kifo chake.

Justiniani alijitahidi kurudisha Dola la Roma katika fahari yake ya zamani renovatio imperii, yaani kufanya upya dola na kwa ajili hiyo alipigania upande wa magharibi dhidi ya wavamizi. Hata hivyo alifaulu kiasi tu.

Mke wake na malkia wa Bizanti aliitwa Theodora; aliaga dunia mwaka wa 548. Hawakuwa na watoto walioishi. Hivyo Justiniani I alifuatwa kama kaisari na mpwa wake Justin II.

Huheshimiwa na Wakristo Waorthodoksi na Walutheri kama mtakatifu.

Sikukuu yake huadhimishwa tarehe 14 Novemba au 27 Novemba.

                                     

1. Tazama pia

  • Watakatifu wa Agano la Kale
  • Orodha ya Makaizari wa Roma
  • Orodha ya Makaizari wa Byzantini
  • Orodha ya Watakatifu wa Afrika
  • Orodha ya Watakatifu Wafransisko
  • Orodha ya Watakatifu Wakristo
                                     

2. Vyanzo

  • Procopii Caesariensis opera omnia. Edited by J. Haury; revised by G. Wirth. 3 vols. Leipzig: Teubner, 1962–64. Greek text.
  • Procopius, The Secret History, translated by G.A. Williamson. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1966. A readable and accessible English translation of the Anecdota.
  • Edward Walford, translator 1846 The Ecclesiastical History of Evagrius: A History of the Church from AD 431 to AD 594, Reprinted 2008. Evolution Publishing, ISBN|978-1-889758-88-6.
  • Procopius. Edited by H. B. Dewing. 7 vols. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press and London, Hutchinson, 1914–40. Greek text and English translation.
  • Elizabeth Jeffreys, Michael Jeffreys, Roger Scott et al. 1986, The Chronicle of John Malalas: A Translation, Byzantina Australiensia 4 Melbourne: Australian Association for Byzantine Studies ISBN|0-9593626-2-2
                                     

3. Marejeo mengine

  • Bury, J. B. 1958. History of the later Roman Empire 2.
  • Sidney Dean, Duncan B. Campbell, Ian Hughes, Ross Cowan, Raffaele DAmato, and Christopher Lillington-Martin, ed. Jun–Jul 2010. "Justinians fireman: Belisarius and the Byzantine empire". Ancient Warfare IV 3.
  • Meier, Mischa 2004. Justinian. Herrschaft, Reich, und Religion in german.
  • Meyendorff, John 1989. Imperial unity and Christian divisions: The Church 450-680 A.D., The Church in history 2. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimirs Seminary Press. ISBN 978-0-88-141056-3.
  • Meier, Mischa 2003. Das andere Zeitalter Justinians. Kontingenz Erfahrung und Kontingenzbewältigung im 6. Jahrhundert n. Chr. in german. Gottingen.
  • Garland, Lynda 1999. Byzantine empresses: women and power in Byzantium, AD 527–1204. Routledge.
  • Cameron, Averil et al.eds. 2000. "Justinian Era". The Cambridge Ancient History Cambridge 14.
  • Ure, PN 1951. Justinian and his Age. Penguin, Harmondsworth.
  • Cumberland Jacobsen, Torsten 2009. The Gothic War. Westholme.
  • Moorhead, John 1994. Justinian.
  • Evans, James Allan 2005. The Emperor Justinian and the Byzantine Empire. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-32582-0.
  • Rosen, William 2007. Justinians Flea: Plague, Empire, and the Birth of Europe. Viking Adult. ISBN 978-0-670-03855-8.
  • Ostrogorsky, George 1956. History of the Byzantine State. Basil Blackwell.
  • Maas, Michael ed. 2005. The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Justinian.
  • Rubin, Berthold 1960. Das Zeitalter Iustinians. – German standard work; partially obsolete, but still useful.
  • Vasiliev, A. A. 1952. History of the Byzantine Empire, Second, Madison.
  • Sarris, Peter 2006. Economy and society in the age of Justinian.
  • Dixon, Pierson 1958. The Glittering Horn: Secret Memoirs of the Court of Justinian.


                                     

4. Viungo vya nje

  • The Christian Roman Empire series, Evolpub.com
  • De Imperatoribus Romanis. An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors
  • Preface to the Digest of Emperor Justinian Archived Juni 19, 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  • Annotated Justinian Code University of Wyoming website
  • St Justinian the Emperor Orthodox Icon and Synaxarion 14 November
  • Lecture series covering 12 Byzantine Rulers, including Justinian – by Lars Brownworth
  • Reconstruction of column of Justinian in Constantinople
  • Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Graeca with analytical indexes
  • The Buildings of Procopius in English translation.
  • Mosaic of Justinian in Hagia Sophia)
  • The Anekdota "Secret history" of Procopius in English translation.
  • The Roman Law Library by Professor Yves Lassard and Alexandr Koptev
                                     
  • chake. Alitetea imani sahihi pamoja na Papa Vijili dhidi ya kaisari Justiniani I hadi Konstantinopoli. Tangu kale anaheshimiwa kama mtakatifu. Sikukuu
  • Mtaguso wa pili wa Konstantinopoli uliitishwa na kaisari Justiniani I mwaka 553 kwa lengo la kupatanisha tena na Kanisa Katoliki Wakristo wote wa Misri
  • umaarufu kwa huduma yake hata akapewa upadirisho. Baada ya kumponya kaisari Justiniani I alimuomba kama shukrani amjengee hospitali kwa ajili ya maskini ambayo
  • 1934 - 2020. Ujenzi wa kanisa hilo ulianza mwaka 532 kwa amri ya Kaisari Justiniani I mtawala wa Roma ya Mashariki au Ufalme wa Byzanti. Alitaka kuwa na kanisa
  • kuzaliwa kwa Yesu Kristo. Kaisari Justiniani I anakusanya sheria za Dola la Roma katika Corpus Iuris Civilis Papa Gregori I Mrumi wa mwisho anaanza kutawala
  • ya neno hilo yanashuhudiwa kwanza na Codex Iustinianus Mkusanyo wa Justiniani I ya miaka 529 - 534, inayodai majimbo yote duniani yawekwe chini ya maaskofu

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